Otherworldly New Species Found In The Deep And Dark Oceans Of Costa Rica

Scientists have recently been delving deep into the waters of Costa Rica and have discovered a treasure trove of strange new species of all shapes and sizes. They met a inferno of large quantities of trash down there too- good one, humen.

Researchers onboard the Schmidt Ocean Institute’s research ship Falkor surveyed numerous deep-sea seamounts, undersea mountains formed by volcanoes, near Isla del Coco National Park off the beaches of Costa Rica. Through carrying out 19 remotely operated submarine dives, some of which were at extents of thousands of meters, they gained some extraordinary penetrations into this under-researched ecosystem.

As you can see in the otherworldly images below, the performance of their duties documented a number of different microbes, oysters, brittle star, corals, fishes, octopuses, sharks, and lights, including four new species of deep-sea corals and six animals that were previously unknown to science.

“Every dive continues to astound us, ” Dr Erik Cordes, a deep-sea ecologist at Temple University in Philadelphia, was indicated in an emailed affirmation. “We detected species of reef-building stony corals at over 800 meters[ 2,624 hoofs] profundity on two different seamounts. The closest records of this species are from the deep waters around the Galapagos Islands.”

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A Chimaera, also known as a ghost shark. Schmidt Ocean Institute/ Temple University

“The deep ocean is the most important habitat on Earth. Understanding how that habitat offices will help us to understand how the planet as a whole works, ” he added.

It wasn’t all optimistic down there, though. One of their deepest dives, at a magnitude of 3,600 meters( over 2 miles ), discovered the fact that there are human-made litter. With fishing and force industries increasingly looking towards the world’s deep oceans, the researchers alarm that the human footprint is simply likely to get bolder in this unique, alien residence.

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A Crinoid, the marine animals that make up the class Crinoidea of the echinoderms. Schmidt Ocean Institute/ Temple University
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A very ugly, hitherto really beautiful, anglerfish. Schmidt Ocean Institute/ Temple University

To protect the ecosystem from the scourges of mining and angling, health researchers hope their sparkling parade of new friends in the deep sea will push authorities to create a brand-new marine protected arena around the seamounts.

“This new research will support Costa Rica’s efforts to conserve these important habitats by providing a baseline of the incredible species and ecosystems is currently in the deeper the regions that don’t ever allure the attention that they deserve, ” said Schmidt Ocean Institute Co-founder Wendy Schmidt.

“One of the most important we can do right now is to understand how these communities labor, so, if there are changes in the future, we are going to be able measure human impact.”

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Sea spiders hang out on some deep-sea coral. Schmidt Ocean Institute/ Temple University
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The Glyphocrangon shrimp, discovered in 2010. Schmidt Ocean Institute/ Temple University

Read more: https :// www.iflscience.com/ plants-and-animals/ otherworldly-new-species-found-in-the-deep-and-dark-oceans-of-costa-rica /

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