2019 will see the enactment of a slew of new laws across the country( in California alone, more than 1,000 will be added to the books ). In some governments, minimum wages will go up, handguns will be harder to obtain, plastic straws will get the boot and hunters will get to wear pink for a change.
Here are some of the noteworthy laws going into effect this year 😛 TAGEND
Tighter gun restrictions in several governments
In the wake of the killing murder at a Parkland, Florida, high school last year, California passed several measures to prevent domestic abusers and people with mental illness from procuring guns. Californians who are involuntarily committed to a mental institution twice in a year, or who are now convicted of certain domestic violence offenses, could face a lifetime gun possession ban.
Under an expanded Oregon law that went into effect on Jan. 1, domestic mistreat offenders or people under restraining orders are prohibited from owning or purchasing a firearm. In Illinois, authorities now have the right to seize handguns from people determined to be a danger to themselves or others. A similar “red flag” law will go into effect in New Jersey afterwards this year.
At least six nations — California, Washington, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois and Vermont — and the District of Columbia are raising the minimum age from 18 to 21 for the acquisition of long guns this year, CNBC reported.
Washington state will also be enforcing several other gun control measures, including improved background checks, secure gun storage the regulations and a requirement for gun purchasers to provide proof they’ve undergone firearm security training.
New’ Me Too’ laws
Several states are taking aim at workplace sexual harassment. California has banned nondisclosure provisions in villages involving claims of sexual assault, harassment or discrimination based on sexuality. California employers will also no longer be allowed to compel employees to sign nondisparagement agreements as a condition of employment or in exchange for a raise or bonus.
By the end of 2019, publicly held corporations in the Golden state will also need to have at least one female on their board of directors. Depending on the size of the board, firms will need to increase that number to at least two or three female board members by the end of 2021.
In New York, all employees will be required to complete annual sexual harassment prevention develop. Larger firms in Delaware will have to provide such train to their workers, and legislators and their staff in Virginia will need to undergo such educate every year.
Minimum wages get a boost
Though the federal minimum wage has languished at $7.25 since 2009, at least 19 governments, including Arizona, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, New York and Washington, will be elevating their minimum wages this year. Each will boost its minimum wage to at least $12. Some cities like New York, Seattle and Palo Alto, California, will see their wage floors increase to $15.
So long straw and stirrers !</ strong>
As public awareness mounts of the hazards of plastic trash pollution, metropolis and states around the country have been targeting an important source of their own problems: single-use plastic products like straws and food containers.
A new statute in New York City bars restaurants, storages and producers from employing most foam products, including takeout containers, beakers and packing peanuts.
Eateries in the District of Columbia are now proscribed from giving out single-use plastic straws and stirrers. In California, restaurant patrons will need to ask explicitly for a plastic straw if they want to use one. Restaurants can be fined $25 a day for serving liquors with plastic straws that aren’t requested by customers.
Former felons in Florida can head to the voting booth
On Jan. 8, Florida will restore the voting rights of all former offenders except those convicted of slaying or a felony sexual offense. Some 1.4 million possible voters will be added to the rolls — an addition that could have a significant effect on elections in the swing state.
Utah implements strictest DUI statute in their respective countries
Utah has lowered its blood alcohol content criterion for drunk driving to 0.05 percent — the lowest limit in the country.
Under the new law, a driver who exceeds that restriction and causes the death of another person will be charged with criminal homicide, a misdemeanour offense.
As CNN notes, all other U.S. nations have a blood booze concentration limit of 0.08 percentage for noncommercial motorists. Since at least 2013, the National Transportation Safety Board has been pushing to lower the limit to 0.05 nationwide.
Pets to get more rights in California
Pets in California will no longer be treated by courts as physical property in divorce cases. Instead, magistrates can choose who gets detention of the family pet.
Under a separate California law, pet stores will no longer be allowed to sell felines, puppies or rabbits that aren’t from animal shelters or nonprofit salvage groups. That statute, which took effect on Jan. 1, also requires that store proprietors maintain proper documentation of the backgrounds of the dogs, cats and rabbits they sell.
Hawaii legalizes physician-assisted suicide
Hawaii’s new statute allowing physician-assisted suicide had entered into force on Tuesday.
Tobacco targeted in several nations
Smoking will be banned at all New Jersey public beaches and parks starting in July.
In New York City, a new ordinance proscriptions pharmacies from selling cigarettes and other tobacco products. And Massachusetts has raised the minimum age to buy tobacco products from 18 to 21.
Nonbinary people can listing their gender as’ X’ in NYC
People who identify as neither male nor female can now list their gender as “X” on birth certificates in New York City.
New Jersey requires all residents to have health insurance
A health insurance law in New Jersey that came into effect on Jan. 1 necessitates inhabitants to maintain coverage or pay a penalty. It’s the second government in their respective countries, after Massachusetts, to enact an individual health insurance mandate.
Vermont is paying remote workers to move there
In an effort to promote economic growth, Vermont has offered to pay some remote employees to relocate to the state.
Qualified applicants can each apply for up to $10,000 in funding. The state has earmarked $500,000 for the initiative, The Associated Press reported.
Hunters in Illinois can wear pink if they want to
Not into the usual “blaze orange”? Hunters in Illinois can now wear equally eye-catching “blaze pink” under a new law.
Illinois Gov. Bruce Rauner( R) said the new shade could be even more effective in helping hunters stand out.
“[ In the autumn] we’re hunting in trees and in some fields, there are orange leaves. There is orange in the background, so it’s not always easy to consider orange, ” Rauner said, according to the Illinois News Network. “So we’re adding fire pink to be one of the colors.”
Ohio kids will soon be required to learn cursive
In an age of text messaging and email, Ohio is attempting to keep the handwriting tradition of cursive alive. A new country law is necessary in students to be able to write in cursive by the end of fifth grade.